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Technology-based solutions to combat air pollution

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Our planet has changed a lot in the last decade due to global warming and extreme weather changes. Government officials say this April was her third hottest month India has ever seen in her entire 122 years. Still, we know that temperatures are leveling out each year, and that this won’t stop at the hottest temperatures.

One of the most important causes of climate change is air pollution. With rapid industrialization and urbanization, pollution is increasing toxicity in the air to lethal levels.

Innovative and evolving technologies can be effective tools to combat air pollution. Technology has always revolutionized the planet and our daily lives. Technological advances have already impacted every aspect of our daily lives and have arguably enabled us to thrive in the lives our ancestors envisioned. India needs to prepare for unexpected changes in daily life to reduce pollution and improve air quality.

One of the most relevant innovations is the air monitoring station. India needs at least 4,000 air monitoring stations to keep a record of air quality in the country, according to reports, but India appears to be severely short of them. We need to raise awareness to understand the root causes of air pollution and effectively eliminate it. Through new sustainable technology-driven solutions, states can scrutinize air quality, including emissions from traffic, chimneys, burning trash, and more. Here are some of the adaptable technologies that will lead to a sustainable and green future.

pollutant monitor

India needs to adopt a hybrid approach combining satellite monitoring and low-cost sensors to measure local exposure to pollution and use real-time monitoring networks to identify long-term trends and patterns in pollutants. there is. Although it does not directly remove or reduce air pollution from the environment, this technology is essential in controlling air pollution. This tool is very important in detecting emission areas and limiting contaminants. Additionally, the time and financial burden of monitoring environmental pollution remains.

(Author is co-founder and director of Pi Green Innovations)

retrofit

Vehicles and heavy vehicles are responsible for 27% of total pollution and India needs to realize that it can no longer afford to ignore this grave danger facing its population. One of the most important sources of air pollution in India is combustion air emissions from vehicle exhausts.

As a solution, vehicles can be equipped with retrofit emission control devices that reduce and filter exhaust emissions, helping to reduce 70% to 90% of the toxic substances released into the air. I can do it. According to medical experts, diesel engine pollution poses a serious health risk to residents.

Heart disease, lung cancer, asthma, stillbirth, neonatal death, and fatal birth defects are all associated with long-term exposure, so adapting such techniques could promote health.

Exploring new technologies to make crematoria sustainable

The National Green Tribunal recently recommended that cremations be done with gas or electricity instead of wood. In recent years, especially after the horrific Covid crisis and a huge increase in the number of cremations, crematoria have become a major source of pollution.

Another option for reducing the human footprint on the environment is choosing greener cremations at crematoria by having effective and sustainable post-treatment solutions to reduce emissions. That’s it.

Our cities face an air pollution emergency almost every winter due to crop waste and smoke burning. New initiatives and practices are therefore needed to stabilize air quality. The recent upturn in pollution levels in New Delhi and UP has forced us to look to green technologies to help curb the sources of pollution.

The power of AI and IoT

With the development of IoT and AI, the latest technology has the potential to help combat air pollution. It helps detect the causes of air pollution, make laws, predict, and solve problems. A detailed assessment of air quality is important. This includes factors such as transportation, garbage burning, construction, industrial resource allocation, population density, current air monitoring infrastructure, and satellite data.

Now, we can force the AI ​​to take advantage of the aspects above to correctly estimate the geospatial interpolation of the air quality data. This method delivers high-resolution real-time coverage.

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