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Why working alone is not enough to protect effective educational ideas – 74

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In the vibrant world of early childhood education policy, there are old conversation set pieces such as: Studies have shown that the Pre-Kindergarten program does a solid job of improving children’s knowledge and skills and improving kindergarten readiness, but higher third grade reading scores or other longer term Not very effective in producing academic indicators.

When critics raid, those who support increasing investment in pre-kindergarten complain. Why are we measuring that value in terms of the metric that comes much later? That logic requires us not only to end our investment in Prekindergarten, but also to cancel our second grade (and perhaps the rest of elementary school). “

Indeed, there is a huge research base that shows that early education programs are effective. They are one of the most efficient educational investments we can make! But that doesn’t stop us from playing the aforementioned pattern.

It’s a strange trend in educational debate: we blame Good, tested, and effective Ideas for not completely resolving US inequality. Even the best ideas, such as those that help students succeed and those that close school and social departments, are rarely found to be effective.Therefore, the pre-kindergarten argument has little to do with whether or not it is a pre-kindergarten. Works In preparing children for kindergarten, and whether it “works” with a set of other distant metrics.

Educators are doing this all the time. Take a charter school as an example. Over the past few decades, many studies have shown that when charters have been held and supervised by rigorous approvers, they can significantly improve academic performance, especially for students from historically marginalized communities. I am. In the 2010s, researchers at Stanford University’s Center for Educational Achievement Research (CREDO) found that a well-regulated charter was particularly effective in raising test scores for English learners, students in low-income families, and African Americans. We have published several studies showing that they tend to be effective. student. A 2021 analysis of charter school academic performance found equally promising results across the country.

However, as a policy idea, charter schools are always surrounded by criticism that they have “failed” to completely fill the gap in achievement everywhere. Charter schools are not without room for criticism. Indeed, studies have shown that poor quality and weakly monitored charter schools generally tend to be less effective than comparable public schools. That is, too often, even the successful charter school sector is regularly accused of not yet defeating the full range of systematic racism and economic inequality in American life. ..

Why is this?Responsibility is divided into two directions, both of which relate to how we define it. effect Of a particular program. First, supporters of certain educational reforms often think of failure. Pre-K supporters fill the gap in achievement before the universal pre-K begins to expand, remove the need for controversial K-12 reform by improving academic performance, and the future of participants. I spent many years promising to increase my income and reduce my chances of being imprisoned as an adult, and so on. Against this background, isn’t it strange that a pre-kindergarten program that just prepares kids to succeed in kindergarten feels like a flop?

This kind of over-promise can help draw attention to policy ideas, but supporters recognize that inflated rhetoric comes at a cost that goes far beyond expectations and raises expectations. is needed. (Note: there teeth Some evidence that a pre-kindergarten program with modest short-term academic impact may improve participants’ long-term life outcomes. )

Second, policy criticism is most often driven by political preferences that precede the facts of the field. Indeed, when new ideas arrive in public education, critics legitimately warn against “school and children’s experiments.” However, as the evidence base for a particular idea improves over time, critics shift to less honest work and muddy the measurement water. Traditional single-family education with a home-based mother who cares for the child and public to the pine, if the pre-kindergarten seems to be really effective in improving the child’s school preparation and long-term outcomes. Critics who hate investing … redefine a successful pre-kindergarten as something else that is easy to find (eg elementary school test scores).

Critics worried that charter schools will divert resources and attention from traditional school districts if, under close public supervision, charter schools bring strong academic achievements to historically estranged children. … You can easily build those successes from the big picture by measuring charter against other benchmarks (even those that avoid traditional public schools). For example, it’s frustrating to see a charter school attacked for refusing to enroll a poorly serviced student at risk of not being able to graduate on time. If there is no evidence that this is happening systematically (and such “creaming” also occurs in traditional public schools).

Indeed, the design, implementation and defense of new education policies everytime You will be plagued by politics. That is the basic element of living in democracy. But we really need to stop blaming our sincere efforts to improve schools because we couldn’t resolve racism and economic inequality in the United States.

Instead, we should consider that educational reforms can be accumulated.Almost all studies show pre-kindergartens that are developmentally relevant and well-funded. teeth It’s good for kids, but it’s not enough to eliminate all American social inequality. Indeed, a high quality prekindergarten system that feeds into an effective kindergarten-to-high school, equitable funded system … Also There may be a shortage. (However, adding paid family leave, affordable quality childcare, and a monthly children’s allowance can actually get you somewhere.)

But that’s no excuse for doing nothing. The roots of racist inequality for the color community have been deep and systematic for centuries. Sustainable reforms at all levels are needed to bring them back.